If the United States wanted to halt the spread of Communism into Greece, it would have to do so itself. Halting the spread of Communism had, in fact, become the United States' basic foreign policy.
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While Kennan would later disagree with some elements of American implementation of his theory such as involvement in Vietnam , containment became the basis of American foreign policy with Communist nations for the next four decades. The plan was the economic arm of the Truman Doctrine.
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Named for Secretary of State George C. Marshall who had been United States Army chief of staff during the war , the plan offered money to war-torn areas for the rebuilding of cities and their infrastructures. Share Flipboard Email.
By , all the governments of Eastern Europe, except Yugoslavia, were hard line Stalinist regimes. In , in a speech at Fulton in the USA, Churchill declared that an Iron Curtain had come down across Europe, and that Soviet power was growing and had to be stopped.
Stalin called Churchill's speech a 'declaration of war'. The CCP, for its part, experienced success in its early efforts at land reform and was lauded by peasants for its unflagging efforts to fight against the Japanese invaders.
Japanese surrender set the stage for the resurgence of civil war in China. Though only nominally democratic, the Nationalist Government of Chiang Kai-shek continued to receive U. The Soviet Union, meanwhile, occupied Manchuria and only pulled out when Chinese Communist forces were in place to claim that territory.
In , the leaders of the Nationalist and Communist parties, Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong, met for a series of talks on the formation of a post-war government. Both agreed on the importance of democracy, a unified military, and equality for all Chinese political parties. The truce was tenuous, however, and, in spite of repeated efforts by U.
Chinese Communist Revolution
General George Marshall to broker an agreement, by the two sides were fighting an all-out civil war. Years of mistrust between the two sides thwarted efforts to form a coalition government. As the civil war gained strength from to , eventual Communist victory seemed more and more likely.