Give a verb corresponding to each of the following words: Example: solution solve, knee, strong, description, gold, custom, tight, grief, large, glory, food. Give verbs from: obedient, sweet, education, fat, life, composition, civil, tomb, bath, pure. Complete a table of nouns and verbs corresponding to the adjectives: long, strong, broad, glad, able, wide, e.
I seen you; Have you broke it? The two parts are often the same but there are many exceptions. Most verbs form these two parts in the same way, by adding '-ed', '-d' or '-t' to the basic form of the verb, the infinitive thus: Infinitive Past Tense Past Participle to work I work-ed I have work-ed to live I live-d I have live-d to deal I deal-t I have deal-t Some verbs which form these parts by adding '-t' to the infinitive also have an alternative form, ending in '-ed', e. In some cases the spelling of the infinitive or a vowel sound in it is changed before the ending is added, e.
A few verbs which end in '-d' in the infinitive change t h e ' d ' t o ' t ' to form both the past tense and the past participle, e. In addition there are several verbs which simply use the same form for the infinitive, the past tense and the past participle burst, cast, cost, cut, hit, hurt, spread. Correct Usage There are, however, some very common verbs about which have other ways of forming these parts, and which in many cases form the two parts differently, giving rise to the errors mentioned above.
In some cases the past tenses or the past participles, or both, are formed by changing a vowel sound in the infinitive without adding any ending. In some cases the past participle is formed with the ending -en, or -n, or -ne added to the infinitive. In some cases there is a vowel change in the past tense, and the past participle is formed with the ending -en, or -n, or -ne either with or without the same vowel change. The following lists show further examples of all the above any fixed rules, but simply have to be learned. Correct Usage Other cases where normal usage is worthy of special attention are: Infinitive Past Infinitive Past Past Past Tense Participle Tense Participle to I have to I have I I mow mowed mown show showed shown saw sawed sawn strew strewed strewn sew sewn crow crew crowed sewed dared sow sowed sown dare durst make made made or dared can could none shall should none will would none may might none be was, were been in the sense of set down lay laid laid lain as in to lie down lie lay lied lie lied in the sense of telling lies gone went went is the otherwise obsolete past tense go the verb to wend, adopted as the past tense the verb to go, but not as the past participle Finally, some easy ones: bet bet bet burst burst burst cast cast cast cost cost cost cut cut cut hit hit hit hurt hurt hurt let let let put put put rid set shed shut slit split spread thrust rid set shed shut slit split spread thrust rid set shed shut slit split spread thrust.
As can be seen from these examples, these verbs do not follow any fixed rules, b simply have to be learned. One way to attune your ear to the correct usage is to give the past tense a subject e. I have sung, Tom has sung and say this aloud. Give the past participle of: bear, drive, fly, give, hurt, ride, sell, speak, come, swim. Give the present tense of: ate, beaten, froze, hidden, blew, spoken, awoke, sold, lost.
Give the present infinitive of: burn, speak, stand, sweep, drive. Correct Usage 5. Give the past tense and past participle of: am, do, forget, grow, write, sing, tear, hide, go, begin. Fill in each space correctly with one of these words: rise, rose, raise, risen, raised.
Use the correct part of the verbs in the blank spaces: go She had for a walk. In each of the sentences below there are groups of two words within brackets.
One of the two words is correct, the other wrong. Which is the correct word? We drank, drunk our tea before we sung, sang the carol. After he had ran, run about 5 kilometres, he sank, sunk to the ground. Cloth is wove, woven from wool which has grown, grew on sheep.
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He had gave, given me the parcel before he was took, taken a prisoner. The timid creature was drove, driven into a narrow valley where it was soon slew, slain by the cruel tiger.
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The vessel sank, sunk before they had swam, swum a great distance. The tree had fell, fallen across the road and many of its branches were broke, broken. By the time the sun had rose, risen the aeroplane had flown, flew across the sea. No sooner had he spoke, spoken than a deer sprang, sprung into our path. He began, begun to look for the toy which he had gave, given to his brother.
The man had threw, thrown away the purse which was stole, stolen from the lady. I have knew, known him since he has came, come to this village. Correct Usage The jacket had been well wore, worn and the cloth had shrank, shrunk. After we had ate, eaten our supper we went to the pond which was froze, frozen over. The picture was drawn, drew by a famous and wealthy artist who had rose, risen from poverty. They had just went, gone when we were saw, seen by our friends. A nest had fell, fallen to the ground, where it had been blew, blown by the wind.
The bell rang, rung just after I had wrote, written the letter. Correct Usage Verbs staggered strove stuttered trembled waited walked wept whispered yielded Adverbs awkwardly, drunkenly, weakly. In the spaces provided, place the following adverbs: heavily, furiously, silently, soundly, immediately, sparingly, broadly, patiently. The Comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding -er to the Positive or -r if the Positive ends in -e, e.
The Superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding -est or -st to the Positive, e. Generally to compare adjectives of two or more syllables more is used comparatively, and most is used superlatively, e. Positive big fast gay great late Comparative bigger faster gayer greater later Superlative biggest fastest gayest greatest latest Positive long small tall thin Comparative longer smaller taller thinner Superlative longest smallest tallest thinnest.
A single syllable adjective ending in a single consonant other than w, x or y which is preceded by a single vowel, doubles the consonant in the Comparative and Superlative, e. Comparison of Adjectives Positive Comparative bad worse far farther good better little less Positive beautiful brilliant cautious comfortable generous gracious handsome ignorant Superlative worst farthest best least Comparative more beautiful more brilliant more cautious more comfortable more generous more gracious more handsome more ignorant Positive many much old Comparative more more older Superlative most most oldest.
Superlative most beautiful most brilliant most cautious most comfortable most generous most gracious most handsome most ignorant. Write down the comparatives of: fast, good, gracious, tall, beautiful. Write the superlatives of: thin, much, comfortable, gay, handsome. Draw up a table showing the Positive, Comparative and Superlative of: long, far, good, generous, late, cautious.
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State whether the following words are Positive, Comparative or Superlative: nearest, better, far, more certain, surest, larger, most wonderful, bad, shorter, biggest. In grammar it means agreement between subject and verb, which must both have the same person and number. Person and number. In the verb to be, and in the continuous tenses of other verbs formed with parts of the verb to be, there are different forms for First, Second and Third Person singular; the plural forms are the same for the three persons, thus: Singular I am, was looking; thou art, wert looking; he is, was looking you are, were looking Plural We are, were looking; you are, were looking; they are, were looking.
Concord Rules of Concord a When the subject is singular, the verb is singular, e. The babies cry. Neither the teacher nor the pupils are ready. It is better, however, to repeat the verb: Either Mary is to be in the team or you are. Underline the correct word: Each of the boys is, are going on holiday so each of them has, have gone to bed early. Everybody was, were pleased as each of them was, were treated alike.
Neither he nor she want, wants to go. Wasn't, Weren't we sorry when we heard you was, were going?
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All but Tom has, have been lazy so all but Tom loses, lose marks. James as well as John rise, rises at eight, so James like John is, are early for work. Neither of the singers was, were present. The miller and his wife is, are a happy couple. Neither of them has, have paid as both of them is, are poor.